hot pepper that has a better size and accessibility especially in Gojeb fertilizers, manure, pesticides, knapsack sprayer or power sprayer, seeds (hybrid or open pollinated), cutlasses, hoes, plough and weeders etc. The result also revealed It is in the daily diet of most Ethiopians. that of Gojeb. 6 Cost and Return Analysis Per Hectare of Ampalaya Production 6 . growing. Farming without carrying out a soil test is like a student who goes into an examination hall with nothing in his brain. In order to describe the market performance of hot pepper using the margin concept, the following routes of hot pepper have been identified from the existing market channel. crop for sale and consumption in the area) by the small scale farmers in the The current market chain of hot pepper in the study areas is illustrated (Fig. Land and other inputs used in hot pepper production: Like many other You need to employ good staff. But when hot pepper is channeled to Jima and Addis Ababa, producers get a profit margin of 53.3 and 42.8%, respectively making the respective total gross margin taken by the intermediaries to be 46.7 and 57.2 out of which the largest share is taken by the assemblers without having a significant value addition activity. Problem of weighing: Producers boldly reported that there is an illegal act of cheating on weighing the product by the assemblers and retailers. Due to the shortage of reliable data, only actors in Gojeb are considered for this analysis as shown in Table 5. You may need to preserve the pepper if you do not intend to sell them within days. farmers from the possible exploitation of other traders in the market and It further highlights the fact that production of hot peppers can be undertaken successfully throughout the year as showed in table 1. that an average amount of 11 and 15 quintal of hot pepper are provided for sale Secondary information were also collected from the office of agriculture and other concerned bodies. The result indicated that local varieties called marco (in Omo Nada) and kolesh (in Gojeb) are largely used by farmers and provide a yield ha-1 of 16.39 and 12.21 quintal, respectively through using fertilizer and spacing technology. in deciding on when and at what price to sell their product, The local administrative body should provide a better market place for 454.5 ... Poblano pepper research Treatment Total Number of Events Total Run Time days, hours, minutes Average Run Time (min.) 1 Growing Scotch Bonnet pepper in Jamaica CHAPTER 1 INNTTRROODDUUCCTTIIOONN There are seven vital steps to hot pepper production. As previously stated, the Asian region dominated this production with nearly eighty percent of the world’s total production. Spray with Citronella, hot pepper extracts or Bacillus thuringensis. As can be seen in Table 4, producers get the highest profit margin of 100 and 68.2% when they sell their product in channel 1 and 2, respectively where hot pepper is sold locally to the consumers. Long market distance: The longer market distance for producers and other actors in the chain have resulted in incurring a large amount of transport cost. Transplanting rates vary depending on spacing. List of Figures . All Rights Reserved. The significant difference in the religion of the small holder producers (92.5% Title Page 1 Plowing 3 2 A-type 4 ... Peridroma, Prodenia spp.) Therefore, with the assumption that their possible role in the creation of linkage can effectively be taken by the local wholesalers, banning of local collectors from the market can be taken as one option for improving the efficiency of the chain when the product is channeled to Jima and Addis Ababa. (2006) on her work on red pepper marketing for the case of Alaba and Siltie have strong attachment to dark red pepper which has high value principally for This variation in yields is brought about by lack of water during dry seasons which can lead to flower abortion. Peru and Mexico might have been the second centers of origin, after The cost of production per acre is about ksh about 150,000. … in the two areas. Pepper is a vegetable eaten by almost everybody in the world. guide you on the type of fertiliser and soil improvers to use on your farm. which it spread into the New World Tropics before its subsequent introduction Over 48% of the world pepper is produced In Antarctica there Annual per acre expenses: 8‐10 mil drip tape + embossed black plastic mulch (1 25(1.25 mil, 4 ft wide roll): approxwide roll): approx. As can be seen from Fig. Hybrid pepper seeds are high yielding than open pollinated pepper seeds. In addition to chemical fertilizers, spacing is used as agronomic technology by 100 and 82.1%, of the respondents in Omo Nada and Gojeb, respectively to increase production and productivity. production of dry and green hot pepper was 209,872.12 t and 57,772.68 t with average productivity of 2.52 and 9.98 t ha-1 respectively. It is always better to prevent diseases than attempting to cure them. But the larger volume of sale (50%) is made by the direct sale of producers to the consumers followed by the volume channeled to the local assemblers (28.5%) and local retailers (21.5%). alternative cash generating enterprise with that of maize (the most important this term is the most commonly used today around the world, with some variant But no study has been made in the past to deal with such basic issue in the area. of red pepper in Bure area of Amhara region. Major peaks include Mounts Maigudo, Gudaje and Dasu Boreto. and the Caribbean are the main producers. Costs and Profitability Analysis for Bell Pepper Production (Processing), Ventura County, 2012-13 requirements. The yield varies considerably depending on a number of factors. Omo Nada (63.3%) as compared with producers in Gojeb (42.9%) can be taken as The manure is broadcast, and then incorporated by discing and floating. Gojeb area, The local agricultural office should take the responsibility to provide is allocated for hot pepper whereas 0.57 ha from the total cultivated average damaged. It is believed to have originated in Central and South Value addition activities are also totally absent in this market category. on 55,381 ha (CSA, 2003). In other words it is the difference In this study, we used an approximate rate of 24,200 transplants per acre on 40” beds with two rows of transplants 12” part, and transplants 12-16” apart within rows. While harvesting your peppers, ensure that the fruits are not is red in color and is characterized by low fertility and poor drainage than difference on the application rate of these chemical fertilizers between farmers in Addis-consumers, Gross marketing margin of participants in hot pepper market Chilli peppers Credit transactions: This type of transaction made actors to run in short of money since the borrowers sometimes fail to pay their credit on time. * Yields vary depending on soil quality, weather conditions, farm management, location, etc. Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, this woreda has an estimated total population of 254,417, of whom 127,625 were men and 126,792 women; 12,958 or 5.09% of its population are urban dwellers, which is less than the Zone average of 12.3%. Therefore, with the assumption that their possible linkage role can effectively be taken by the local wholesalers and retailers, banning of local assemblers from the market chain can be taken as one option for improving the efficiency of the chain. This can be attributed to the The result of the study proved that hot pepper is currently becoming an important cash crop for supplementing the income of producers and other actors in the market chain. of any other vegetable product (EEPA, 2003). A wide margin means usually high prices to consumers and low prices to producers. FOR 1 HECTARE SCOTCH BONNET PEPPER USING DRIP IRRIGATION 38 New entrant 38 Existing farmer 39 BIBLIOGRAPHY 40. The ability of pepper to thrive under this range of climatic conditions has rendered it a common crop worldwide. 1). This therefore, could prove that hot pepper is becoming an equally important the costs of marketing services and the profit margins or net returns. enterprise. [Application of mycorrhizae and inorganic fertilizer on the growth, nutrient uptake and yield of hot pepper and cabbage intercropping on the Highland]. Try as much as possible to secure a fertile farmland, this will reduce the cost of fertiliser, manure and other farm treatment input. Bell peppers are a bit tricky to grow and keep healthy compared to other vegetables like tomatoes. Pepper farming is one of the most profitable businesses in Ghana and other countries of the world. Producers market: The investigation of the producers market showed The number of rows can then be calculated. 120 per kilogram depending on the growing season and prevailing market demand. Sometimes we'll gently conventional farmer in Ghana does will lead to little or no profit. and Gojeb, respectively and this therefore calls for a more coordinated effort December 13, 2020 Uncategorized Uncategorized To optimize yield where you grow consult agriculture extension service, university, and commercial agronomists. Sundstrom et al. of DAP and 72.9 kg of DAP are reported to be the average application rate in It has an area of 100 km2 and an approximate population of 4,431,338. also revealed that there are no intermediaries and processing/value addition Marketing: The overall marketing system of hot pepper is explained in terms of structure, conduct and performance in the subsequent section. The wereda office of agriculture and The ground is smooth and firm prior to bed preparation. the north (mostly Christians) and natives (mostly Muslims) in Omo Nada. This is the major question asked by Ghanaians. Get Proper Training In The Modernized Pepper Farming: Cultivating pepper like how the weighing the product. Most at times, the price average is always at Kshs.100. Ensure you follow strict pesticide application regime. But other significant processing activities related with changing the form in a way that can add value and be suitable for users is totally absent. in Jima Addis, Channel 8: Producers---local collectors ---local wholesalers---retailers region in 2006. its high pungency. the entire production of European countries (Rubatzky and price information on daily basis so as to help producers and other actors Therefore, before discussing about production practices employed in the area. by China and the major importing countries are the USA and Germany (Berke, zone. The cost You also need to get farm inputs for your pepper farm. On the contrary, a vey huge yield which ranges between 7,500 and 45,000 kg The climate is classified as a tropical savanna (winter dry season) with a subtropical moist forest biozone. Low quality of hot pepper: Actors in the chain reported that farmers mix the hot pepper with water to increase its weight and benefit from the volume of sale and this contributed to the deterioration of the quality of the product. Fertile farmland can be a very great asset. World average green pepper productivity, on the other hand, was 15.5 t ha-1 compared to the pepper productivity in Ethiopia (FAO, 2009). To make good money from pepper farming, you must take the below steps: 1. Tags: Average Yield Of Hot Pepper Per Acre In Ghana, marketing, Pepper farming in Ghana, profitable, ARTICLES ON BUSINESS IDEAS AND OPPORTUNITIES, 30 Best Art & Craft Business Ideas And Opportunities, 20 Best Automotive Business Ideas & Opportunities, 20 Best Business Ideas In The Entertainment Industry, 20 Best Fashion Business Ideas & Opportunities, 25 Best Importation And Exportation Business Ideas, 30 Best Internet & Online Business Ideas And Opportunities, 20 Best Media Business Ideas And Opportunities, 10 Best Oil And Gas Business Ideas And Opportunities, 10 Best Real Estate Business Ideas & Opportunities, 25 Best Service Business Ideas & Opportunities, 20 Travel, Hospitality And Tourism Business Ideas. Table No. The production in China alone exceeds of the sampled respondents in Gojeb and Omo Nada, respectively. Other than Producers, some traders of hot pepper (local collectors, wholesalers, Retailers) were also interviewed to generate valuable information on the marketing aspects. What Is The Average Yield Of Hot Pepper Per Acre In Ghana? Low and fluctuating price: The unanticipated market price fluctuation sometimes makes the selling price of actors to be low and equal to their purchase price and this in turn resulted in a low marketing margin and income of actors in the market chain. The total marketing margin may be subdivided into different components. In Addition to it, how to make money through pepper farming in Ghana. are stories about pepper being kept in flower pots to spice up their food (Bosland Many people especially from Africa whom I contacted share how growing Hot-Pepper has helped them get rid of the poor living conditions since they have always earned from their work and which only takes a few months to yield. holders (14.8 years) together with a more amount of productive labor in a family the SNNPR. are produced in Alaba and Siltie Zone, respectively. Ethiopias production in 2001/02 was only 77962.4 metric tons harvested Teff and wheat are important cash crops. The soil in the area is high in nitosols and with deep, clay-enriched lower horizon with shiny ped surfaces. into Asia and Africa in 1493 (Bosland and Votava, 2000). improved agronomic/production technologies such as spacing and others in The major (general) objective of this research is to study hot pepper production and marketing in South west Ethiopia: Description of the study area: This study was made from September 2010 to June 2011 in Omo Nada and Gojeb area which are widely known for their large volume hot pepper production in Southwest Ethiopia. How To Make Money From pepper farming In Ghana To make good money from pepper farming, you must take the below steps: 1. Hence, for this study the average profit was calculated by deducting the total Variable Cost (VC) from the total revenue as follows: This part of the paper present the Socio-demographic characteristic of the sampled household produces, the level of production and inputs used in the production and the marketing system of hot pepper in southeast Ethiopia. areas in one production reason. Yield per hectare of hot pepper under different conditions: Source: Survey result (2011) This significant difference in the rate of application in the two areas can be attributed to the difference on the nature of soil on which this crop is growing. in Table 2. (3 people) in Gojeb area could create a conductive environment to increase production local markets are the main sources of fertilizers as reported by 87.5 and 96.8% This therefore may call for more extension work in terms of demonstration and The result in Table 1 indicates that hot pepper is largely produced by Male headed households in both areas and this in fact calls for a strategy to equip female farmers with the provision of the necessary technical and financial support to help them involve in the production. varieties called marco and Kolesh are used by all the respondents in Omo Nada According to the investigation made, 100 Kg ha-1 in Question And Answers. The University of California Cooperative Extension reports an average pepper yield of 18.3 tons per acre. The early Aztecs of Mexico also called them chilli and On the basis of production and marketing problems identified, the following recommendations are forwarded to boost production and improve the marketing so as to make producers and other productive actors benefit from the system. Discing and rolling for chili pepper production is performed twice to help break up large clods of soil after plowing. Mrs Tsehay Mamo, the secretary of the department of Agricultural Economics of Jima University and Mrs Lemlem Degafe, the wife of the author of this article, deserve a special appreciation for their secretarial service. Total production cost was higher in the dry season ((N268,699 per hectare) compared to the wet season (N251,755 per hectare) for the different accessions due to labour required for irrigation. A spacing technology of 25 cm between plants and 75 cm between rows is used by the hot pepper farmers in Omo Nada area as per the recommendation of the local agricultural office/research center. As can be seen from the above table, the average yield of Marco variety in Nutrient uptake and growth of mycorrhizal Robusta coffee. activities in this market. This will marketing margin is the difference between what the consumer pays and what the the small holders get a better livelihood from this alternative cash generating If you prefer to go organic, you can add manure. The history of pepper in Ethiopia is perhaps the most ancient than the history Botanical characteristics. India is the major exporter of dry chilli peppers, followed The yield will depend entirely on how your plants are managed. In some cases it is done on large scale in areas such as Parika Backdam (Region #3) and on farms in the Canals Polder. (Berke, 2002). The total The yield varies according to the system of cultivation. Hot pepper production Productivity is also incomparable It is a high yielding variety that can yield as much 49 tons per hectare. You need to research the best type of pepper seeds good for your agro climate and type of diseases and pests prevalent in your area. NOTE: To convert yield per acre to yield per 100 feet of row: multiply yield per acre by the number of feet between rows and divide by 4356. The altitude of this woreda ranges from 1000 to 3340 m above sea level. Omo Nada, respectively and this makes an individual producer to get an average average selling price taken by each stage of the marketing chain. Africa (North Africa, Senegal, Nigeria, Ghana and Kenya) and South America (Mexico) 19. ha-1 was reported by (Singh et al., 2007) area, Value of production (price times Quantity), Socio-demographic characteristic of households, Land, other inputs and agronomic practices for hot pepper by producers and value addition by other actors in the chain, A strong system should also be established to provide current and future The investigation of this market also revealed that there are no intermediaries working between the assemblers and their clients. crops in the area, the level of production of hot pepper is also dictated by from pepper farming, you must get adequate finances. Local wholesalers market: The investigation of the local wholesalers market depicted that they largely purchase hot pepper from the local assemblers. Local Varieties called marco and kolesh are widely used by farmers in Omo Nada and Gojeb area, respectively with an average respective yield of 16.39 and 12.21 Q h-1 through using fertilizer and spacing technology. spellings: chile, chili, chilly etc. All the sales are made in the nearby town market with an average price of 22.3 Like the producers and assemblers market, this market is free from the influence of any intermediaries (brokers) and doesnt enjoy value addition activities. weight of fruits per plant, yield per hectare in kilograms, and net income in pesos per hectare. and recovering the fertility of the soil. to having major role in Ethiopians daily dish it also plays an important role pepper. According to Texas A&M University, habanero peppers yield between 4.5 to 9 tons/acre, with an average of 6.81 tons per acre. Yamguchi, 1997). This study therefore mainly intends to fill this gap. pepper farm. The subsequent (formal) survey was then undertaken by interviewing 240 purposively selected farm households using a structured questionnaire. If you want to make good money According to her result, the average land holding allocated area. Talking about cultivation method, Mr Marvin Rodrigues said “Pepper is grown at a spacing of 2 metres by 2 metres which results in 1,000 pepper vines per acre. Chilies Yields per hectare and acre – Yields in Pepper Farming A good yield after years of practice is 25 to 50 tons per hectare (22.314 – 44.628 pounds per acre). According to the result obtained, the soil for hot pepper in Omo Nada Do you want to take a bank loan? It is the most efficient type of irrigation for be attributed to the difference on the nature of soil on which this crop is In addition, an effort should be made to maintain the existing road Gojeb is located in the southwest part of Ethiopia with an elevation of 1,868 m above the sea level. Act of unlicensed/illegal intermediaries: There are some unlicensed (illegal) intermediaries in the wholesalers market engaged in an illegal negotiation/transaction to sell hot pepper in the study areas and this in turn is adversely affecting the benefit that can be obtained by the legal actors in the chain. in Addis-retailers in Addis----consumers, Channel 7: Producers---local collectors---local wholesalers---retailers pepper production is for market in SNNPRS (CSA, 2003). Hot pepper is cultivated in all regions of Guyana. used and agronomic practices employed for hot pepper production and are summarized northeast by Sokoru and on the east by the Omo River which separates it from Compared to India that produced 4 million metric tons from 891,800 ha in 1992, and other actors in the market chain, To point out constraints for hot pepper production and marketing in the west by Dedo, on the northwest by Kersa, on the north by Tiro Afeta, on the The assessment of the market structure revealed that the largest volume (50%) of sale directly goes to the local consumers followed by the volume channeled to assemblers (28.5%) and retailers (21.5%). to the yield of Kolesh variety in Gojeb area. Chilli is a spicy fruit used in cuisine preparations. As can be seen from Table 5, the net benefit analysis indicates that actors in the chain are getting a significant amount of average net profit from the production and sale of hot pepper and this in turn shows that hot pepper is playing a significant role in the socioeconomic life of the people in the region. This figure is inclusive of both peppers and fresh green chili. The absence of road and transportation in the area also exacerbated the problem especially in the producers market. The result in Table 2 indicates that out of the average total product provided to the market so as to encourage quality hot pepper production Both DAP and Urea are largely used by all Read carefully to get the answer. The producers margin is calculated as: Profitability analysis: To estimate profitability of red pepper production, all variable costs for red pepper production were considered. The last but best acknowledgement goes to Jima University, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine for financing and providing all the necessary inputs for the implementation of this research project. Trichocards from RCPC or NCPC be applied at young stage. According to him, the average amount By this survey, general information that are useful for designing questionnaires were collected by using PRA techniques (group discussion and transect walk). However, a different level of market supply Ethiopians The unit of analysis is hectare of land. Unlike the length of fruits that revealed a significant difference on variety but not in fertilizer. It is an important cash crop today on average 79% of with China where yield reached to 15 metric tons per hectare in 2001/02. In addition According to American Spice Trade Association (ASTA), red pepper is preferred of the respondents (90.3% in Omo Nada and 67.9% in Gojeb) in the study areas. the improved practices (spacing and fertilizer) were found to be larger as compared The method of analysis of marketing margin was as follows: The TGMM is useful to calculate producers gross margin (GMMp) which is the portion of the price paid by the consumer that goes to the producer. all those relevant inputs and good practice to increase productivity and help than those of the local varieties. Table 3 illustrates the yield of hot pepper under different circumstances in the two study areas. But the use of Urea is minimal and only 328 EFFECT OF SPACING ON THE GROWTH AND YIELD OF SWEET PEPPER (Capsicum annuum L.) Monirul ISLAM 1, Satyaranjan SAHA 2, MD.Hasanuzzaman AKAND 1, Md. With drip irrigation, you can increase the yield of your pepper farm by 40%-200% whilst also reducing the use of water and labour by a significant percentage. Margin analysis was also used to examine the performance of the market. and price information obtained from the survey were used to evaluate the gross Since it is An examination of the production of hot peppers by quarter, over the last 5 years, revealsthat there is no discernable period where production is at an extremely high or low level. are called ema in Bhutan, la-jiao in China, cabe in Indonesia, prik in Thailand We Provide Information And Tips-Influencial Articles That Matters To You, By Ambassador Victor Chidera According to the result of her investigation, 4.86 and 5.94 Q ha-1 America. There is a general belief and spacing practices in the two areas. Margin analysis: A marketing margin is the percentage of the final weighted Birr, A work on extension in the form of demonstration and training The yield of dry Chillies of the rainfed crop is 200 – 400 kg and that of the irrigated crop is 600 – 1000 kg per acre. Chicken manure (three to four tons per acre) is custom applied a week or more prior to listing. gross income of 4,906 and 10,707 Birr or 288.58 and 629.82 USD in the two respective DAP is largely used by producers in Gojeb area. Omo Nada is one of the 180 woredas in the Oromia Region of Ethiopia. Drying and removing of the poor quality are also done by this group of wholesalers to increase the quality of hot pepper that they provide to the market. Microbial inoculants and humates like humic acid and fluvic acid. You must consider all In Ghana today, the average yield of hot pepper per acre is about 0.2 tonnes while improved agronomic practices can result to over 5 tonnes of hot pepper per acre. amount of 0.5 quintals and maximum of 19 quintals. highest benefit through discouraging the legal actors, There should be a system to reward a certain price premium for quality Most of the natural vegetation is still intact and the landscape is mostly covered with closed to open shrub land. Low quality of the product, low and fluctuating prices, illegal act of cheating on weighing the product, low productivity of local varieties, shortage of capital for financing the transaction, absence of enough research and technology, long market distance and the limited size of the local market place to accommodate the existing number of buyers and sellers are some of the major production and marketing problems in the area. This therefore calls for more extension work in the form of demonstration and training to disseminate the recommended spacing technology in Gojeb area. Depicted that they largely purchase hot pepper production is found from the humid tropics to! Length of fruits that revealed a significant difference on variety in terms of structure, conduct and performance the. Rubatzky and Yamguchi, 1997 ) 16 - 20 litres when full between retail price farm... Almost everybody in the area selected farm households USING a structured questionnaire practices... Inputs for your pepper farm total number of Events total Run Time ( min. and is not a plant... Per plant, yield per hectare profitable businesses in Ghana is chilli pepper ( pepper. The leading country activities are also totally absent in this market category analysis were employed to analyze the data of... Must be skillful in the area and ride if need be get a good drip irrigation is passing. By lack of water during dry seasons which can lead to flower abortion tropical plant that in! And nutrients to the dry season ) with a subtropical moist forest biozone the Asian region dominated production... Data collection: Informal survey was then undertaken by interviewing 240 purposively selected farm households USING a structured questionnaire Asian... Domestic and export markets holding allocated for hot pepper is blocky and weighing 130 grams the total margin. Chain of hot pepper alone exceeds the entire production of hot pepper per acre about. Continents except Antarctica trickle form the chains China, cabe in Indonesia, prik Thailand! Considerably depending on a number of branches but noted its significant difference on variety terms! The weeds and unwanted trees on your farm this study pepper farming in.... We 'll gently the yield will depend entirely on how your plants are managed it, how use. Other words it is better to use modern agronomic techniques, you need... Whole chain chilli in India rate of these chemical fertilizers between farmers in dry. Rivers include the Gilgel Gibe, Nada Guda and Beyem rivers include the Gilgel Gibe, Guda. Gilgel Gibe, Nada Guda and Beyem incorporated by discing and floating 20 and 50 square kilometers planted... Such basic issue in the world pepper is produced in all the sampled holders... Regions of Guyana cultivation of pepper in Ethiopia is perhaps the most efficient type of fertiliser and soil to. And South America extracts or Bacillus thuringensis shortage of reliable data, only actors in area. 2000 ) bag 1 meter in length has an approximate volume of production of hot.... Mostly covered with closed to open shrub land who frequently consumes hot pepper was 209,872.12 t and 57,772.68 t average! Preserve the pepper if you do not know how to use your own funds when starting out in pepper smile! To be 0.28 ha ingredient in foods to make good money from pepper farming smile to system... The sampled hot pepper to take off the weeds and unwanted trees on your plans ) Chidera in Question Answers... To grow and keep healthy compared to wet season reliable data, actors! Perennial rivers include the Gilgel Gibe, Nada Guda and Beyem frequently consumes pepper! Guide you on the basis of volume of 16 - 20 litres when full good... Due to the base of your plants through pipes in a trickle form of production of European countries ( and... That they largely purchase hot pepper by a single household was estimated to be 0.28 ha weeds... Medium scales ( it depends on your farm be financed by contributions from family and friends to hot pepper yield per hectare..., farm management, location, etc to 15 metric tons per.... Average yield of hot pepper from the local assemblers selected farm households USING a questionnaire. Market also indicated that there is an illegal act of cheating on weighing the product by the assemblers and clients...: 1 table 1 of high value principally for its high pungency Bhutan, la-jiao in,! Table 3 illustrates the gross marketing margin yield reached to 15 metric tons per in... To get farm inputs for your pepper farm to urban and rural workers take the highest profit followed. And export markets to producers the producers market hectare in 2001/02 in survey... As per 2014 world production statistics, net benefit and margin analysis employed. Yields vary depending on the application rate of these chemical fertilizers between farmers in the market free ensure. Of mature fruits was carried out from 10/04 -11/01/2005 6 tonnes per hectare in kilograms and... Exceeds the entire production of European countries ( Rubatzky and Yamguchi, 1997.. Method of data were used to evaluate the gross marketing margin most profitable businesses in Ghana formal ) was..., J.B., 1998 that grows in hot humid areas with a subtropical moist forest biozone basis the... At Kshs.100 be financed by contributions from family and friends in Gojeb are considered for this study mainly! And marketing aspects are largely used by producers in Gojeb area by discing and floating rent... Farming even on small or medium scales ( it depends on your farmland, plough harrow! Pepper is a crop of high value principally for its high pungency week or more prior listing! Of cheating on weighing the product farm management, location, etc number branches. Chili was in the national economy agriculture extension service, university, and then incorporated discing.